Caveat 1: These acronyms were accumulated starting in 1985. Some are undoubtedly obsolete, and others are not relevant to our current enterprise.
Caveat 2: Items within categories are not ordered. This originated as a flat file database. Recommendation: Search this database using the FIND function in your browser.


Other Collections



BASIS: Binary Authentication Signatures Integrity Standard
SMI: Security Management Infrastructure
PKI: Public Key Infrastructure/Initiative
VDB: Vulnerability Data Base
TSF: Trusted Security Function
TOE: Target of Evaluation
PROVID: policy violation
SANS: System Administration, Networking and Security (SANS Institute, sponsor of various conferences)
BSM: Basic Security Moddule (product of Sun Microsystems)
CGM: Content Generation Module (component of ManTrap from Recourse Technologies, Inc)
COPS: Computer Oracle and Password System, by Dan Farmer at Purdue (circa 1991?)
IDS: Intrusion Detection System
RTID: Real-Time Intrusion Detection
ISS: Internet Security Scanner (computer program that begat the company)
ISS: Internet Security Systems (company)
RAID: Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection (workshop series, began in 1998)
IDWG: IETF Intrusion Detection Working Group (formed 1998)
AAFID: Autonomous Agents For Intrusion Detection (research system at Purdue University; pronounced "aphid")
SNMS: Shadow Network Management System (research system at DSO National Labs, Singapore)
NSA Glossary of Terms Used in Security and Intrusion Detection
Hacker vs Cracker

Business Terms

For names of organizations and products, use section 'commercial'
BAFO: best and final offer
CAS: cost accounting standards
ECP: engineering change proposal
EOL: end of life, transition
IAW: in accordance with
IDIQ: indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (often used with T&M contracts ("Time and Materials"))
IFB: invitation for bid
ITQ: invitation to quote
IV&V: independent verification and validation
LOE: level of effort
NLT: not later than
NTE: not-to-exceed
POC: point of contact
RFE: request for enhancement
RFI: request for information
RFP: request for proposal
RFQ: request for quote
ROI: return on investment
ROM: rough order of magnitude
SOW: statement of work
TBD: to be determined
TBS: to be specified
OEM: original equipment manufacturer
T&M: Time and Materials
IP: Intellectual Property
IPR: Intellectual Property Rights
SKU: Stock Keeping Unit

Commercial Organizations and Products

Sematech: Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Institute -- consortium of US chip makers -- design and production of new chips. Funding $1billion
CCA: Computer Corporation of America
BBN: Bolt, Beranek and Newman
SAIC: Science Applications International Corp.
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
COS: Corporation for Open Systems
LOI: Letter of Intent
MOA: Memorandum of Agreement
MOU: Memorandum of Understanding
SRD: System Requirements Document
MRD: Marketing Requirements Document
COB: Close of Business

Communications Products, especially Computer Communications

EIGRP: Enhanced Internet Gateway Routing Protocol
ISP: Internet Service Provider
NAT: Network Address Translation
SPAN: Switched Port ANalyzer (protocol)
RMON: Remote MONitoring (protocol)
RMON2: Remote MONitoring (protocol), version 2
MPM: Message Processing Module
OSI: Open System Inteconnection
GOSIP: Government (USA) Open System Inteconnection Profile
MAP: Manufacturing Automation Protocols
TOP: Technical and Office Protocols (Products)
DSL: Digital Subscriber Line
ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network (aka "I Still Don't Need it")
HDLC: High-level Data Link Control
CSMA/CD: Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
802.3: IEEE CSMA/CD (eg Ethernet)
802.4: IEEE Token Bus
802.5: IEEE Token Ring
TCP: Transmission Control Protocol
IP: Internet Protocol
ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
UDP: User Datagram Protocol
UTC: Universal Time Coordinated
ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol
VPN: Virtual Private Network
DDN: Defense Data Network
ARIN: American Registry of Internet Numbers
ISO: International Standards Organization
CCITT: Consulting Committee International of Telephone and Telegraph
CCITT: Comite' Consultatif International de Telephone et Telegraph
FTAM: File Transfer, Access and Management
CASE: Common Application Service Elements
CCR: Commitment, Concurrency and Recovery (Procedures)
LAN: Local Area Network
WAN: Wide Area Network
SWAN: Sun's Wide Area Network
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
PBX: Private Branch Exchange
X.25: CCITT packet network
X.75: CCITT Internetworking between X.25 networks
X.200: CCITT mail
ENE: Enterprise Network Event (June 1988?)--demo of MAP/TOP/ISO connectivity
T1: 1.544Mbits/sec
WAIS: Wide Area Information Service
OSN: Open Systems Network
FARNET: Federation of American Research Networks
NAP: Network Access Points (NSFNET)
RA: Routing Authority (NSFNET)
RNP: Regional Network Provider (NSFNET)
ISP: Internet Service Provider
ANS: Advanced Networking Services
FIX: Federal Information Exchange
DUA: Directory User Agent (X.500)
DSA: Directory System Agent (X.500)
FTP: File Transfer Protocol (TCP/IP)
PNNI: Private Network-Network Interface
SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (TCP/IP)
SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol (TCP/IP)
WWW: World Wide Web (typically accessed through Mosaic)
WAIS: Wide Area Information System
X.400: The CCITT and ISO standard for electronic mail. Widely used in Europe.
X.500: hierarchical (e-mail) directory protocol (part of ISO's OSI)
DAP: Directory Access Protocol (X.500)
LDAP: Lightweight DAP (Directory Access Protocol) (X.500)
NII: National Information Infrastructure
ACL: Access Control List: List of services available, and accepted hosts
AUP: Acceptable Use Policy
BBS: Bulletin Board System
BIND: Berkeley Internet Name Daemon (for Domain Name Service)
BGP: Border Gateway Protocol
CNI: Coalition for Networked Information
DNS: Domain Name Service
FQDN: Fully Qualified Domain Name
EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FNC: Federal Networking Council
HIPPI: High Performance Parallel Interface
IAB: Internet Architecture Board
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force
IGP: Interior Gateway Protocol
IRC: Internet Relay Chat
LLC: Logical Link Control
MIB: Management Information Base (esp SNMP)
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit
NFS: Network File System
NTP: Network Time Protocol
OSPF: Open Shortest Path First (protocol)
PING: Packet INternet Groper
PPP: Point-to-Point Protocol
PSN: Packet Switch Node
RTT: Round-Trip Time
SLIP: Serial Line IP
SNA: Systems Network Architecture
YP: Yellow Pages
SNS: Secure Network Server (US DoD only?)
RADIUS: Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (from IETF Working Group)
RSVP: Resource ReSerVation Protocol
LEO: Low Earth Orbit (satellite)
QoS: Quality of Service

Computers, misc

DMZ: DeMilitarized Zone (firewall analogy from military)
CLOS: Common Lisp Object System
NeWS: Network Extensible Window System (Sun, obsolete)
DTD: Document Type Definition (SGML, HTML, XML)
SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language
HTML: HyperText Markup Language
XML: Extensible Markup Language
CASE: Computer Aided Software Engineering
CORBA: Common Object Request Broker Architecture
COSE: Common Open Software Environment (Sun+HP+...)
CDE: Common Desktop Environment (Sun+...)
PCTE: Portable Common Tool Environment (ECMA)
ECMA: European Computer Manufacturers' Association
OLIS: On-Line Information System
PDL: Program Design Language
BSD: Berkeley Standard Distribution (of UNIX)
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface (potential optical fiber LAN standard)
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration
VLIW: Very Long Instruction Word
RISC: Reduced Instruction Set Computing
WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get
WIMP: Windows, Icons, Menus, and Pointers (user interface)
VMEbus: Virtual Machine Eurocard bus
ABI: Applications Binary Interface (Sun, Unix)
SQL: Structured Query Language (DBMS)
UIMS: User Interface Management System
ICCCM: Inter-Client Communications Conventions Manual (X11)
SEI: Software Engineering Institute (at CMU)
GUI: Graphical User Interface
API: Application Programming/Programmer Interface
GigaLIPS: SICS, Manchester University (UK), Argonne National Labs + Imperial College (London), MCC, ICOT, ECRC
ICOT: Institute for New Generation Computer Technology (Japan)
Motif: OSF X window system toolkit
TAC: Terminal Access Controller (ARPAnet)
MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface
SCSI: Small Computer System(?) Interface
CBT: Computer-Based Training
RAM: Random Access Memory
DRAM: Dynamic RAM (Random Access Memory), sometimes "dRAM"
SRAM: Static RAM (Random Access Memory)
ECC: Error Correcting Code (usually ECC memory, as opposed to parity Memory)
PMEG: Page Map Entry Group (basic unit of hardware page table cache)
COTS: Commercial Off The Shelf (eg hardware, software) (primarily govt usage)
ADP: automated data processing
ASIC: Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
BSC: binary synchronous communication
CAD: computer-aided design
CADD: computer-aided drafting and design
CAD/A: computer-aided design/analysis
CAE: computer-aided engineering
CAGD: computer-aided graphic design
CALS: computer-aided logistics support
CAM: computer-aided manufacturing
CAP: computer-aided publishing
CASE: computer-aided software engineering
CIM: computer integrated manufacturing
CIM: Corporate Information Management
CISC: complex instruction set computer
CM: configuration management
CMOS: complementary metal oxide semiconductor
CPU: Central Processing Unit
DES: Data Encryption Standard
DID: Data Item Description
DMA: Direct Memory Access
DTE: Data Terminal Equipment
EDA: Electronic Design Automation
EMI: Electromagnetic Interference
FPA: floating point accelerator
GPIB: general purpose instrument bus (official name: IEEE 488)
HOL: high order language
IC: integrated circuit
IGES: Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO: International Standards Organization
JCL: job control language (IBM)
LAN: local area network
MIPS: million instructions per second
MIS: management information system
MMU: memory management unit
MTBF: mean time between failures
MTTR: mean time to repair
MSDOS: Microsoft's disk operating system for personal computers (i80x86)
OA: office automation
PAL: programmable array logic
PC: personal computer or printed circuit
PCDOS: personal computer disk operating system (see also MSDOS)
PCMCIA: personal computer memory card international association
PDES: Product Definition Exchange Specification
PEX: PHIGS Extension to X11
PHIGS: Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics Standard
POSIX: Portable Operating System Interface
PROM: programmable read-only memory
RISC: reduced instruction set computer
RJE: remote job entry (IBM-ish term)
RPC: remote procedure call
SCSI: small computer systems interface
SLAN: Secure Local Area Network
SMD: Storage Module Drive (disk interface for large disks on servers circa 1980-1990)
SNA: Systems Network Architecture (IBM term)
SVID: System V (five) Interface Definition
SVR4: System V (five) Release 4
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internetwork Protocol
TOP: Technical and Office Protocol
VHSIC: Very High Speed Integrated Circuit
WAIS: Wide Area Information Server
WAN: wide area network
RFC: request for comment
DCE: Distributed Computing Environment (from OSF)
DME: Distributed Management Environment (from OSF)
DOE: Distributed Objects Everywhere (Sun, HP,...)
OMG: Object Management Group
GKS: Graphical Kernel System
OSF: Open System (Software?) Foundation (Apollo, Bull, DEC, H-P, IBM, Nixdorf, Siemens)
OSF/1: Operating System from OSF
POST: Power-On Self-Test
CERT: Computer Emergency Response Team
FIRST: Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams
CSIRT: Computer Security and Incident Response Team
QBE: Query By Example
GNU: Gnu's Not Unix
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language (World Wide Web + ...)
URL: Uniform Resource Locator (World Wide Web)
HTTP: HyperText Transfer Protocol (World Wide Web)
WWW: World Wide Web
W3: World Wide Web
EBL: Explanation Based Learning
KIF: Knowlege Interchange Format
KQML: Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language
SKTP: Simple Knowledge Transfer Protocol (supports KQML)
HCI: Human Computer Interface (see also CHI)
ANSII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange
CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
DEK: Data Encryption Key
MAGIC: Multidimensional Applications Gigabit Internet Consortium (ARPA funded)
MSSA: Multi-Service Storage Architecture
GIF: Graphics Interchange Format
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group - defines compression techniques ("JPEG" is a commonly used alias for file format JFIF)
JFIF: JPEG File Interchange Format
MPEG: "Motion picture" version of JPEG
TIFF: Tag Image File Format (popular on Macintosh and NeXT), often uses CCITT Group 3 and Group 4 compression (also used in FAX) and JPEG compression
XBM: X BitMap
XPM: X PixMap
XWD: X Window Dump
PICT: often used on Macintosh
BMP: MS Windows Bitmap
TGA: aka Targa (bitmap file format)
PBM: Portable Bitmap (part of X distribution)
PPM: Portable PixMap (part of X distribution)
PGM: Portable GrayMap (part of X distribution)
TAPI: Telephony API
ODC: Open Database Connectivity API
OLE: Object Linking and Embedding (Microsoft)
SATAN: Security Administrator Tool for Analyzing Networks (by Dan Farmer and Wietse Venema)
COPS: Computer Oracle and Password System (by Dan Farmer)
PKI: Public Key Infrastructure
MAS: Multi-Agent System
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
FEC: Forward Error Recovery (networking, esp multicast)
ARQ: Automatic Repeat Request (networking, esp multicast)
IS: Information System
RTC: Real-Time Clock
I18N: Internationalization (18 = char count between "I" and "N")

E-mail messages

BOF: Birds of a Feather (interest group)
BTW: By The Way
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions (eg FAQ files)
FYI: For Your Information
HTH: hope this helps
IMHO: In My Humble Opinion
IMO: In My Opinion
IMNSHO: In My Not-So-Humble Opinion
TIA: Thanks In Advance
TTFN: TaTa For Now

European Organizations

EU: European Union
EEC: (obsolete, now the EU) European Economic Community ("Common Market")
ESPRIT: European Strategic Program on Research and Information Technology (EEC)
RSRE: Radio Signal Research Establishment (Malvern, England)
???: Admiralty Research Establishment (Portsmouth, England)
NDRE: Norwegian Defense Research Establishment
NTA: Norwegian Telecommunications Agency
NTARE: Norwegian Telecommunications Agency Research Establishment
SICS: Swedish Institute for Computer Science

Artificial Intelligence

Natural Language

HMM: Hidden Markov Model (common speech recognition approach)
MRD: Machine Readable Dictionary
LDOCE: Longman's Dictionary of Contemporary English
CED: Collins English Dictionary
DCG: Definite Clause Grammar

Expert Systems

KEE: Knowledge Engineering Environment (Intellicorp)
KES: Knowledge Engineering System (Software A&E, Arlington, VA)
TIMM: The Intelligent Machine Model (Gen Research, Santa Barbara, CA)
S1: (Teknowledge)
M1: (Teknowledge)
ART: Automated Reasoning Tool (Inference Corp)


CONUS: CONtinental United States (usually excludes Alaska -> CONtinguous)
NIH: "Not Invented Here"
TLA: Three Letter Acronym (self-referential)
ROM: Rough Order of Magnitude (more precise than a WAG)
WAG: Wild-Ass Guess (less precise than a ROM)
SWAG: Silly Wild-Ass Guess (WAG)
RSI: Repetitive Stress Injury
CTS: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Societies and Journals

IJCAI: International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
NCAI: The National Conference on Artificial Intelligence
ACL: Association for Computational Linguistics
ACM: Association for Computing Machinery
CACM: Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery (flagship publication)
AAAI: American Association for Artificial Intelligence
SIGART: ACM Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence
SIGGRAPH: Special Interest Group on Graphics
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Enginee
CHI: Computer Human Interface (conference) (see also HCI)
JAIR: Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

Research Organizations

UMIACS: University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies
INRIA: Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique
ETRI: Electronic & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea
CERN: European Laboratory for Particle Physics, Geneva Switzerland
NCSA: National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois
CMU: Carnegie-Mellon University
MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

NonUS Universities

KAIST: Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology


NSM: National Stock Number
NDC: National Drug Code


ATE: automated test equipment
JIT: Just In Time (procurement of supplies)
MPS: Master Production Scheduling
MRP: Material Requirements Planning
MRP: Material Resource Planning (MRP II)
WIP: Work In Progress
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing??
CIM: Computer Integrated Manufacturing?? (preferred/successor to CAD/CAM)
DDM: Data Driven Manufacturing (DEC project)
DICE: DARPA Concurrent Engineering Program
TIME: Tandem Integrated Manfacturing Environment
CALS: Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistics Support (AirForce pgm)
PDES: Product Data Exchange Specification
RAMP: Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (US Navy pgm)
ECO: Engineering Change Order
ROM: Rough Order of Magnitude (Mgmt/Financial)
WAM: Wild-Ass Guess (Mgmt/Financial)
QA: Quality Assurance

Sun Microsystems Computer Corp, abbrevs, products, ...

ACM: Area Channel Manager (USFO field-based)
AEC: architectural, engineering, and construction
AFO: Americas Field Operations (part of AIS)
AIS: Americas Information Services (Sun IR)
ALM: asynchronous line multiplexer (HW product: terminal multiplexor)
ASED/M: Area Systems Engineering Director/Manager (USFO field-based)
ATMD/M: Area Tactical Marketing Director/Manager (USFO field-based)
AVP: Area Vice President (USFO field-based)
BIT: built-in test
CGI: computer graphics interface (obsolete SW product - between SunCORE and GKS)
CLIN: contract line item number
CSCI: computer software configuration item
DSO: days sales outstanding
EU: enduser (customer type)
FCA: functional configuration audit
FCS: first customer shipment
FFP: firm fixed price
FRU: field replaceable unit
GB: graphics buffer
GP: graphics processor
IR: internetwork router (SW product)
ISV: Independent Software Vendor
JLE: Japanese Language Environment (for SunOS)
LTD: live test demo
MT: material transfer
NAAFO: North American & Australian Field Ops (US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand)
ND: network disk (obsolete: NFS predecessor)
NeWS: Network extensible Window System (SW product)
NFS: network file system (protocol; part of SunOS)
NRE: non-recurring engineering
OCL: object code license (new licensing term to replace RTU)
OPCOM: Operation Commitment (NAAFO enduser customers doing Solaris Migration)
OSS: Online Support Services
RDF: Reseller Developer Funds (US Channels term)
RONABIT: return on net assets before interest and taxes
RTU: Right To Use (licensing term)
SCP: SunLink Communications Processor (board)
SE: Systems Engineer
SMCC: Sun Microsystems Computer Corporation
SMI: Sun Microsystems, Inc.
SPARC: Scalable Processor ARChitecture
SPM: Sales Program Manager (USFO field-based)
SPOC: Sun Product Order Checker (part of SalesDesk)
SPR: Sales Program Representative (USFO field-based)
SR: Sales Representative
SS: SunSoft
SS: SPARCstation, SPARCserver
STE: Sun Technology Enterprises
SunSITE: Sun Software, Information, & Technology Exchange
SX: SunExpress
USFO: United States Field Operations (part of NAAFO)
VAR: Value-Added Reseller
VEU: Volume End User
WBS: Work Breakdown Structure
WWFO: World-Wide Field Operations (part of SMCC)
XDR: eXternal Data Representation (RPC protocol)
XIL: X11 Imaging Language (software product) (extensions to the X11 protocol for imaging)

non-DoD US Government

NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSF: National Science Foundation
NBS: National Bureau of Standards - now National Institute of Standards and Technology
NCSC: National Computer Security Center (Bethesda, MD) (NSA)
NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology (formerly National Bureau of Standards)
SETD: System Engineering and Technical Direction ("lead" contractor, see also SETA)
SETA: ??System Engineering and Technical Administration ("lead" contractor, see also SETD)
FCCSET: Federal Coordinating Council on Science, Engineering and Technology (pronounced "Fix It")
FRICC: Federal Research Internet Coordinating Committee
GAO: General Accounting Office
OSTP: Office of Science and Technology Policy
FAR: Federal Acquisition Regulation
FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standards
GFE: Government Furnished Equipment
GSA: Government Services Administration
NIH: National Institutes of Health (note that Institutes is plural)
TIIAP: Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program of NTIA (conceived as part of NII)
NTIA: National Telecommunications and Information Administration (part of NII)
FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Agency
FOIA: Freedom of Information Act
NCIC: National Crime Information Computer (FBI)
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation (US)
HBCU: Historically Black Colleges and Universities (typically "HBCU and MI")
MI: Minority Institutions (typically "HBCU and MI")

General Military Terms

LOS: Line of Sight
ELOS: Extended LOS
BLOS: Beyond LOS
OOTW: Operations Other Than War
CINC: commander-in-chief
AFCEA: Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association

(Defense) Advanced Research Projects Agency

DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (sometimes simply ARPA)
ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency (variant on DARPA)
TRP: Technology Reinvestment Project (ARPA)
RAU: Readiness, Affordability, Useability
IFD: Integrated Feasibility Demonstration
ISD: Information Superiority Demonstration
TVS: Text, Video, Speech (also "TVs")
STOW: Synthetic (alt. Simulated) Theater of War (related to ModSAF)
TIE: Technical Integrator Experiment
BIT: Broadband Information Technology (in ARPA/ITO)
Bitway: BIT (Broadband Information Technology) network (ARPA/ITO)
DMIF: Dynamic Multiuser Information Fusion
MEII: Minimum Essential Information Infrastructure
IS: Information Survivability
ASAP: Agent Standards Architecture Protocol (ISO, Ray Emami)
BADD: Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination

National Security Agency

NSA: National Security Agency
NSA: Never Say Anything
NSA: No Such Agency
UCA: Unified Cryptologic Architecture
SPOCK: Security Proof of Concept Keystone

DoD organizations, programs and other terms, not related to specific service

DoD: Department of Defense (US)
DOD: Department of Defense (US)
OSD: Office of the Secretary of Defense
ASD: Assistant Secretary of Defense
JCS: Joint Chiefs of Staff
JPO: Joint Program Office
JTF: Joint Task Force
ATD: Advanced Technology Demonstration
DISA: Defense Information Systems Agency
DIA: Defense Intelligence Agency
6.1: Basic Research
6.2: Exploratory Development
6.3: Advanced Development
DCA: Defense Communications Agency
OAT: Office of Advanced Technology (DCA)
C4S: Center for Command, Control, and Communications Systems (DCA)
JDL: Joint Defense Laboratory (at RADC)
JDL: Joint Directors of Laboratories (RADC/NOSC/CECOM)
JDL C3: Joint Directors of Laboratories C3
CIA: Central Intelligence Agency
NSA: National Security Agency / No Such Agency / Never Say Anything
IDA: Institute for Defense Analyses
NRO: National Reconnaissance Office
NSC: National Security Council
DODIIS: Dept of Defense Intelligence Information System
DoDISS: Department of Defense Index of Specifications and Standards
C2: Command and Control
C3: Command, Control and Communications
C3I: Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence
C3I: Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence
C3 SA: C3 System Architecture (DARPA)
ALBM: AirLand Battle Management (DARPA program)
ALV: Autonomous Land Vehicle (DARPA program)
STARS: Software Technology for Adaptable, Reliable Systems
DDN: Defense Data Network
DSInet: Defense Simulation Internet
JTF: Joint Task Force (ATD at ARPA/SISTO)
TD: Total Distribution (ATD at ARPA/ASTO)
JWID: Joint Warrior Interoperability Demo (ATD at Rome Lab)
MISSI: Multilevel Information System Security Initiative
DMS: Defense Message System
SAF: Semi-Automated Forces (training involving simulation) aka SAFORS
SAFORS: Semi-Automated Forces (training involving simulation) aka SAF
ModSAF: Modular SAF (Semi-Automated Forces)
IFOR: Intelligent Forces (ARPA)
CCSIL: Command & Control Simulation Interface Language (pronounced "cecil")
CFOR: Command FORces (simulation)
DIS: Distributed Interactive Simulation
AAAI: Accelerated Acquisition Architecture Initiative
A3I: Accelerated Acquisition Architecture Initiative
WWMCCS: World Wide Military Command and Control System
GCCS: Global Command and Control System
LES: Leading Edge Services
RIDGE: Rapid Integrated Database Generation Experiments
RTV: Rapid Terrain Visualization
ACTD: Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration
OODA: Observe, Orient, Decide, Act (C2 loop)
COE: Common Operating Environment (DISA)
NIMA: National Imagery and Mapping Agency
GII: Geospatial Information Infrastructure
IPT: Integrated Product Team (NIMA) (see also GIIPT)
GII: Geospatial Information Integrated Product Team (NIMA)
GDF: Geospatial Development Facility (NIMA)
MIPR: Military Interdepartmental Purchase Request
DDO: Deputy Director for Operations (NSA and others)
AIPASG: Advanced Information Processing and Analysis Steering Group
DII: Defense Information Infrastructure
ISR: Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance

US Air Force

AFIWC: Air Force Information Warfare Center, Kelly Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX
RADC: Rome Air Development Center
AFWAL: Air Force Wright Aeronautical Laboratories (Wright-Patterson, Dayton OH) renamed WRDC in 1988
WRDC: Wright Research and Development Center (formerly AFWAL)
IISS: Integrated Information Support System (project) (also I2S2)
I2S2: Integrated Information Support System (project) (also IISS)
IDBM: Integrated Database Management (project)
DAPRO: Data Automation PROcessor (project)
GMAP: Generic/Geometric Modeling APplication (program)
PDDI: Product Definition Data Interchange (project)
RFC: Retirement For Cause
IBIS: Integrated Blade Inspection System (GMAP demo)
FIMS: Framework for Integrated Manufacturing System
DAS: Data Administration Syste
EDM: Enterprise (corporation-wide) Data Model
IDS: ???? (AFWAL)
EIS: ???? (AFWAL)
TMIS: ???? (AFWAL)
ATOS: ???? (AFWAL)
RDB: ???? (AFWAL)
SC&D: ???? (AFWAL)
HUD: Head Up Display
WSO: Weapon Systems Officer (former GIB - Guy in the Back)
GIB: Guy in the Back (now WSO - Weapon Systems Officer)

US Army

CECOM: Communications Electronics Command (Ft. Monmouth, NJ)
ADEA: Army Development and Employment Agency
STRICOM: Simulation, TRaining and Instrumentation COMmand

US Marine Corps

MCAGCC: Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center (Twentynine Palms, California)
TEECG: Tactical Exercise Evaluation and Control Group (of MCAGCC)
SME: Subject Matter Experts

US Navy

CNO: Chief of Naval Operations
SPAWARS: Space and Naval Warfare Systems
ONR: Office of Naval Research
ONT: Office of Naval Technology
CNOC: Commander Naval Oceanography Command (Bay St. Louis, Mississippi)
FNOC: Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center (Monterey)
NEPRF: Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility (Monterey)
NOSC: Naval Ocean Systems Center (San Diego)
NADC: Naval Air Development Center (Warminster PA - Lou Pelosi)
NWC: Naval Warfare College
NPS: Naval Postgraduate School (Monterey)
NAVTASC: Naval Telecommunications Automation Support Center
NSWC: Naval Surface Warfare (Systems?) Center
NUSC: Naval Underwater Systems Center
TFCC: Tactical Flag Control Center
CAT: Combat Action Team
CCWS: Command & Control Workstation
TAO: Tactical Action Officer
IBGTT: Interim Battle Group Tactical Trainer
RESA: Research, Evaluation and System Analysis (new name for IBGTT)
TICAP: Tactical Information Correlation and Presentation (Frank White@NOSC)
ACS: Afloat Correlation System
JTIDS: Joint Tactical Information Distribution System
NTDS: Naval Tactical Data System
MAT: Mobile Access Terminal
ACCAT: Advanced Command and Control Architectural Testbed
CSE: Combat System Experiments
IMA/D: Information Management Assessment & Display (El Wells)
POST: ... Ocean Surveillance ... / EW Correlation System
DCS: Distributed Command Support (El Wells - overall program)
SNAP: Shipboard Non-tactical AdP (Automated data Processing)
GenText: General Text
DAMA: Demand Assigned Multiple Access
NAVCAMS: Naval Communications Area Master Station
ACDS: Advanced Combat Data(?) System
C2PS: C2 Processor System
TDAU: Tactical Decision Aid Unit (an HP9020)
IID: Integrated Information Display (Pearl Harbor)--became OSGP, then FRESH
OSGP: Operational ___ Group Prototype -- previously IID, became FRESH
FRESH: Force Requirements Expert System -- previously IID and OSGP
UTIPS: ???? (Underwater Target Info Processing System ????)
NAVMACS: communications (everything but Intel)
LINK11: communications between ****
LINK14: communications between ships and aircraft
DLRP: Data Link Reference Point
SAG: Surface Action Group
CWC: Composite Warfare Commander
AAWC: Anti-Aircraft Warfare Commander
ASWC: Anti-Submarine Warfare Commander
ASuWC: Anti-Surface Warfare Commander
EWC: Electronic Warfare Coordinator
AREC: AiR Element Coordinator

US Military Weapon Systems

P-2: patrol (ASW) aircraft, carrier-capable, two-prop
E-2C: "Hawkeye" AWACS aircraft (radar and C2), carrier-capable, two-prop
S-2: submarine hunter, carrier-capable, two-prop
P-3: patrol (ASW) aircraft, shore-based (e.g. formerly at Moffet), four-prop
KC-10: "Extender" airborne refueling tanker
KC-135: "Strato-tanker" airborne refueling tanker
F-14: "Tomcat"
F-18: "Hornet" fighter
F-111F: "Aardvark" sweep wing fighter-bomber (Air Force)
EF-111A: "Ravens" electronic warfare version of F-111
A-6E: "Intruder" attack bomber
EA-6B: "Prowler" radar jamming aircraft
A-7: "Corsair" attack bomber
AWACS: Airborne Warning And Command System
Harpoon: air-launched anti-ship? cruise missile, $775K
Tomahawk: ship- or sub-launched anti-ship cruise missile?
HARM: High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile(AGM-88A),$275K,length=14',vintage~1983
Shrike: anti-radar missile (older than HARM), canNOT be reprogrammed in flight
SADARM: Seek and Destroy Armor (8-inch artillery submunitions)
SAM: Surface to Air Missile
RPV: Remotely Piloted Vehicle
Tacit Rainbow: long-endurance battlefield-orbiting anti-radar missile(Northrup)
MILSTAR: satellite
HFITS: communications(HF~High-Frequency)??
OHR: Over-the-Horizon Radar
ROHR: Relocatable Over-the-Horizon Radar
HFDF: High Frequency Direction Finder (pronounced Huff Duff)
SELOR: Satellite ELINT (...??)
SOSUS: SOund/SOnar Sensor UnderSeas ?? (seabed passive sonar)
IFF: Identification Friend or Foe
SIF: Selective Identification Feature (of IFF systems?)
EW: Electronic Warfare
ESM: Electronic Support Measures (finding out what enemy is using/doing)
ECM: Electronic Counter Measures
LANTIRN: Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting InfraRed for Night
SAR: Synthetic Aperture Radar
FLIR: Forward Looking InfraRed (radar)
AVLB: Armored Vehicle Launching Bridge